Quality construction will affect the durability, appearance and price of the carpet and is most influenced by the twist of the fibres and the density of the tufts.
Twist – Twist refers to how tightly the fibre (carpet yarn) has been twisted. The tighter the yarn is twisted, the better the carpet will stand up to crushing and matting. This is especially important in cut pile carpet, because the tips are exposed and can easily become untwisted.
Density – Density refers to both the amount, and how tightly packed together the fibres are within the carpet. The closer together the fibres are placed, the denser the carpet will be, and the better it will wear and perform.
There are three basic carpet construction types that are used to create a variety of different styles and textures
Cut Pile or Plush – Cut pile carpet consists of yarns that are cut at the ends. The soft feel of cut pile carpet makes it a perfect choice for the most comfortable areas of your home – bedrooms, living rooms and family rooms.There are five basic styles of cut pile carpet: Velvet, Saxony, Frieze, Shag, and Cable, each provide a different look and texture. The primary difference among these styles is the amount of twist in the yarns that will ultimately influence the carpet’s durability.
Loop or Loop-pile – Loop carpet has yarns that are looped and uncut on the carpet surface. The pile height can vary from low, tightly constructed to a more luxurious high-level pile. Loop carpet has, strength and soil hiding capabilities. This style is ideal for heavy traffic areas. Berber is the most popular style of loop carpet that can be constructed as a level-loop or multi-loop carpet.
Cut-loop – As the name suggests, this carpet has a combination of high cut tufts and lower loops in a variety of sculptured patterns. Cut-loop carpets offer good performance but are slightly less durable than loop carpets.